Analysis of compositional lines in natural landscapes


  • Mihaela SZABO University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, 3-5 Calea Mănăștur, 400372 Cluj-Napoca (RO)
  • Adelina DUMITRAS University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, 3-5 Calea Mănăștur, 400372 Cluj-Napoca (RO)
  • Diana-Maria MIRCEA Institute for Conservation and Improvement of Valencian Agrodiversity (COMAV), Universitat Politècnica de València, Camino de Vera 14, 46022 Valencia; University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, 3-5 Calea Mănăștur, 400372 Cluj-Napoca (ES)
  • Adriana F. SESTRAS University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, 3-5 Calea Mănăștur, 400372 Cluj-Napoca (RO)
  • Robert F. BRZUSZEK Mississippi State University (MSU), Department of Landscape Architecture, Mississippi State, MS 39762 (US)



compositional elements, integrative design, landscape design, lines, natural landscapes, nature


Nature was and remains an eternal companion of man, but at the same time, it is also a constant enigma. Man’s connection with nature is ancestral, and the need for this connection is constantly proven. Landscape design is the field where art (human creation) and nature meet, creating a field of endless possibilities in the development of outdoor spaces, but while the artistic side of the field is constantly improved and developed, sometimes the exploration of the natural side is left behind. The present study aims to identify and analyse the types of compositional lines that can be found in natural landscapes. For this, different photos from natural parks or Romanian reserves were selected and subjected to visual analysis. In the examined scenes, vertical, horizontal, diagonal, straight or sinuous lines (the most dominant) were identified, being suggested by tree trunks or logs, water beds or streams, paths, the topography of the land or the contour of the crown. Their properties, such as thickness or repetition, can provide diversity, animate a scene, and generate visual movement or invite further exploration. This work can serve as a basis for a more thorough study of natural landscapes and is relevant to landscape architects who support the use of natural style in their work or are interested in integrative landscape design for a better understanding of natural features, as well as researchers who want to explore the aesthetics of natural landscapes.


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How to Cite

SZABO, M., DUMITRAS, A., MIRCEA, D.-M., SESTRAS, A. F., & BRZUSZEK, R. F. (2022). Analysis of compositional lines in natural landscapes. Nova Geodesia, 2(2), 29.



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